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托福写作:考前必读,小范围机经写作思路

http://en.jybest.cn  新东方    2015-08-18    

 

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  各位托友,相信大家现在手里都拿到了2015年8月份的托福写作预测机经,但是问题是有些题目同学们完全没有思路,波波老师针对大家的这一困惑,从托福写作机经中精心筛选出5道较为有思考难度且题型完全不同的题目,写出较为详尽的托福写作思路和细节,希望能帮助大家做好考前的临门一脚。

  NO.1

  In order to have an enjoyable vacation, which of the following three selections is the most important for you.

  1. Good food,

  2. Good location

  3. The company of goodfriends to travel.

  【名师分析】

  题干为A/B/C三选一的题目,对于三选一的题目解题的基本思路是:假如选择A时最好的,论证段只需去说,A好,B和C不好即可。此题目笔者建议选择good food。

  【具体思路如下】

  1. 段首句:选择好的食物,不仅可以让我们了解食物背后的饮食文化和礼仪而且也是一种放松的方式。(First of all, enjoying the good food can keep us informed of the traditional culture and manners involved in the food as well as serve as a good way to release pressure.)

  展开句:一方面,食物是一个国家或民族文化的一种体现。比如去吃西餐,我们就可以学会如何使用刀叉,以及在餐桌上的一些礼仪。吃地方小吃我们就可以了解它的制作过程,以及它的历史来源。另一方面,慢慢的享受一顿美食可以让我们享受一种慢节奏的生活,从而让我们从日常噪杂的食物中解脱出来。比如说,我自己的经历就可以作为一个很好的例子。每当我自己压力大的时候,我都会选择一家独特的餐厅去慢慢享受美食,这也给了我一个反思的时间,从而更容易打开心结。

  2. 段首句:另外,选择一个好的地点和朋友的陪伴各有缺陷。一个好的地点通常会伴随着人多拥挤的问题,这会很大程度上影响我们度假的心情。同时,有朋友的陪伴使得旅行不够自由,因为你要时刻考虑对方的想法。有时候,两人意见不一致还会产生矛盾,使整个度假变得都不开心。(there are some disadvantages of the other two options. For one thing, a good location will definitely attract overcrowded throngs of people, which makes us feel upset and unhappy. For another, while traveling with another person, you have to take his/ her feeling into account and thus may have conflicting ideas of the destination with your friend. )

  NO.2

  A leader should have strong opinions and not change his or her mind about those opinions.

  【名师点睛】

  【题目大意】领导要有主见,不轻易改变。此题笔者建议选择同意,思路具体如下:

  1. 段首句:首先,有助于树立自己的权威,让成员更相信自己(First of all, it is of great necessity for a leader to hold strong opinions and not change them easily in order to build up his/her authority and win the trust of the team members.)

  展开句:Confucius once commented that the recognition of someone is the precondition of listening to his instruction.

  2. 段首句:有助于让团队有明确的共同目标,从而提高团队的效率。(Having strong viewpoint and not easily changing them can make the team share a definite and common goal and thus improve the work efficiency.)

  3. 结尾段:不得不承认,领导参考团队成员的建议修正自己的观点,可以提升团队成员的参与热情。但是,这个优点与我方优点相比可以被忽略。(Admittedly, leaders revise their opinions by referring to the suggestions from team members, which can improve the enthusiasm of their participation.However, compared with the huge benefits of our position, this tivial advantage can be neglected.)

  NO.3

  If a constructor wants to use the land in your community to build one of the following places, which one will you prefer?

  【名师点睛】

  此题目是三选一,笔者建议选择 shopping mall, 总体的结构:写出shopping mall 的两个好处,然后一段概括performance arts center 和hotel 的缺陷,最后总结即可。

  【具体思路如下】

  中间段1:商场的好处之一是方便购物和娱乐。(First and formost, one major benefits of building a shopping mall in our community is that people can purchase anything they need conveniently and relax themselves by using various entertainment facilities.)

  中间段2:商场的好处之二是可以提供更多的就业岗位以及创业的机会。(In addition, another main advantage of contructing a shopping center is to provide more job vacancies and more opportunities to start one’s own business. )

  结尾段:hotel/ performances art center 两者存在的共同问题就是投入的金钱和获得的收益不成比例。Hotel建设在小区内,很少会有人去住。同样的,arts center的吸引力也不强,因为很少有人对此感兴趣。(the common weakness of building hotel and performance art center is that the investments are not in a positive proportion to the revenues gained from them. Few people will choose to order a room in a hotel built in a community. Similarly, performance arts center is not attractive because the public have no interest in appreciating what is on exhibit. )

  NO.4

  A high school has decided that all students must take a class in which they learn a practical skill. School administrators are trying to decide whether to hold a class in cooking, managing personal finances or auto repair. Which do you think the school should require students to take? Why?

  【名师点睛】这道题目是一个三选一的题目,这类题目最简单的思考方式,就是从A,B,C三个选项中,选出其中一项,然后说出这一项的好处,然后说出另外两种的缺陷,就可以了。此题,笔者建议选择managing personal finances,具体思路如下

  【全文思路结构】

  理由一:获得理财能力,可以帮助学生形成理性的消费观,避免攀比心理,从而合理分配自己的零用钱。众所周知,形成合理消费的习惯对于学生现在和未来的生活都起到非常重要的作用。(To begin with, Acquiring the ability of managing money can help students form a rational view of spending and avoid competing mind between each other, thus making them allocating money properly. As we know, the formation of distributing one’s financial resources has a great influence on students’ current and future life. )

  理由二:学习做饭会存在安全隐患,因为学生缺乏安全意识,很容易引起火灾。而且,会浪费时间,因为学生完全可以去餐厅吃饭,而不需要自己做饭。(Secondly, there are a few advantages of learning cooking. For one thing, potential safety hazards may accompany the process of cooking, because students usually lack the awareness of safety, which may result in the outbreak of fire. For another, cooking by students themselves may waste much precious time which can be saved by eating in canteen.)

  理由三:学习修车对学生来说实用性不强,因为学生出行的方式主要是自行车或做公交车。(Thirdly, learning auto repair is not useful for students because most of them usually go to school by riding bike or taking public transportation.)

  结尾段:综上所述,我认为学校应该开始的课程是理财课。(Judging from what has been discussed above, it is reasonable to draw the conclusion that schools should require their students to take the course of managing finance. )

  NO.5

  Living in cities is more satisfying than living in countryside.

  【名师点睛】

  题目分析后会发现是一道A>B的题目,选择让步转折递进的结构,首先承认:在城市生活是令人满意的,因为设施健全。然后转折:在农村生活也是令人满意的,因为消费水平低。最后:到底生活在城市还是在农村更满足取决于经济状况。

  【具体思路】

  让步:在城市生活是令人满意的,因为设施健全和更多的福利措施。

  (Living in cities is satisfying , due to the elaborate facilities and sound welfare measures. )

  转折:在农村生活也是令人满意的,因为消费水平低和更少的压力

  (however, living in countryside is also satisfying due to the lower living cost and less pressure from work )

  递进:到底生活在城市还是在农村更满足取决于经济状况。

  (In my viewpoint, it depends on the financial situation of people which is a more satisfying place to live, rural or urban areas. )

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