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全面解析托福综合写作

http://en.jybest.cn  小马过河    2015-10-12    

 

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  托福综合写作和以往的作文不同。托福综合写作,包括阅读和听力部分。阅读文章,一般是陈述一个观点,然后列举出支持的几个分论点进行论述。而听力部分是和阅读部分针对相同的额话题,表达的是和阅读部分相反的论点。所以,托福写作要想得到高分,就要重视听力部分,支持论点的论据分别是什么。

  小编认为,托福综合写作可以用下面步骤进行:

  1.通读一遍托福综合写作阅读部分——写出文章的论点+支持论点的3个(一般是三个)分论点

  2.边听音频,边记笔记(大家要掌握属于自己的听力笔记符号)-——记录听力中表达的三个相反的分论点(细节)。

  3.写作时,要结合作者在阅读和听力中表达的观点,采取综合作者所有观点的方式,进行论述。

  接下来,以2010年9月12日托福综合写作部分的内容为例,和大家分享

  阅读文本

  Online education is a growing sector of the education market focused on providing classes via the Internet. Students can take courses from the comfort of their home and receive an online degree at the end of the program. But not every company is willing to hire those with online degrees.

  Perhaps the most significant reason why employers are hesitant to hire candidates with online degrees is that the quality of online education is hard to ensure. There are many schools and organizations that offer online courses but not all of them are fully accredited or trustworthy. The courses they offer and their curriculum may vary widely from traditional schools.

  There are also concerns about what online education cannot offer. For example, learning through a computer may hinder a student's social skills and ability to communicate effectively because there are fewer opportunities to interact with real people. When students then enter the workforce, they may find it difficult to adjust to a more social environment.

  Online education also encourages cheating because the students are not closely monitored by the teacher. Students may have other people write their papers and use notes and books while taking a test. In traditional schools teachers can engage with their students and know their students well but online the teacher can only know if this student turned in his or her homework.

  阅读要点:

  观点:But not every company is willing to hire those with online degrees.

  但是,并不是所有的公司都愿意聘请那些获得线上教育学位的人。

  论点1:Perhaps the most significant reason why employers are hesitant to hire candidates with online degrees is that the quality of online education is hard to ensure.线上教育下很难保证线上教育的质量。

  论点2:There are also concerns about what online education cannot offer.线上教育可能提供的教育不够全面。

  论点3:Online education also encourages cheating because the students are not closely monitored by the teacher.因为学生没有老师的监督,因此可能会出现作弊行为。

  听力文本

  Taking courses online has become a popular choice for adults who are already working and cannot take the time off to enroll in a traditional university. Though this practice is just emerging, it is becoming more and more accepted. In fact, most companies do not understand the advantages of degrees obtained online.

  The quality of online education is not vastly different from that of traditional universities. Many online colleges are fully accredited and offer the same courses as traditional schools. In fact, online curricula could be even more up-to-date because there is no need for printed textbooks. The information can be posted online and revised frequently.

  Those who learn online do not lack communication skills. In fact, many courses require the students to discuss their Ideas online with their teachers and classmates. They can even use video and voice software to communicate with their teachers. International companies use these same technologies to communicate with faraway branches, so actually people who study online have an advantage because they are more familiar with technology used in the workplace.

  Cheating is actually harder to do online because teachers use software to compare homework electronically and can find out whether students have copied or plagiarized other sources. All of the homework is digital, not handwritten, and can be compared easily. The students know that their teachers will enforce these rules and thus are less likely to cheat.

  听力笔记:

  听力要点:Most companies do not understand the advantages of degrees obtained online.公司不愿意录用是因为不了解线上教育,和阅读部分不一样。

  论点1:The quality of online education is not vastly different from that of traditional universities.线上教育的质量和传统的学校教育没有大的差别。

  论点2: Those who learn online do not lack communication skills.线上学习并不缺乏沟通,学生可以和老师讨论。

  论点3:Cheating is actually harder to do online because teachers use software to compare homework electronically and can find out whether students have copied or plagiarized other sources.线上教育体系下,作弊会很难,因为老师可以利用软件检查学生作业的原创度。

  总之,综合写作考察的不是你的作文表达能力,也不是遣词造句,而是分析文章观点,听力细节记录以及如何连贯的将作者的观点理清的能力。运用上面的方法,既可以避免漏掉信息,又可以为最后的综合写作提供论点。

 

 

 

 

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